Living The Good Life
I. INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
1. Belize is firmly committed to protecting and promoting human rights, as
demonstrate the Constitution, national legislation, adherence to international treaties and
national organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that exist in the country.
2. Belize’s culture, democratic heritage and legal tradition have infused the
society and the Government of the country a deep respect for fundamental human rights
enunciated in title II of the Constitution. Belizeans themselves closely monitor freedoms
fundamentals such as the right of assembly, the right to freedom of expression and the right to
respect for procedural guarantees.
3. As a developing country, Belize considers development to be inextricably linked
to the exercise of human rights and that the right to development is a fundamental right in itself
same, as stated in the Declaration on the right to development. Therefore, the Government
Belize has consistently adopted a human rights-based approach in the
development planning, social services and policy formulation and implementation
4. The Belize national report for the universal periodic review has been prepared in
in accordance with the general guidelines for the preparation of information in the framework of the
universal periodic review, approved by the Human Rights Council in its decision 6/102,
of September 27, 2007.
5. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade and the Ministry of Justice of
Belize were responsible for coordinating consultations with ministries, agencies
and the competent NGOs and the preparation of the final report. Consultations were held
during the initial writing of the report and before its finalization, and these consultations will continue
throughout Belize’s preparation process for the interactive dialogue phase of the review
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II. CONTEXT INFORMATION ABOUT THE COUNTRY
A. Political and social structure
6. The territory of Belize limits to the north with Mexico, to the south and west with Guatemala and to the east with
The Caribbean Sea. Belize is made up of six districts, with an area of 22,966 km2.
Belize is the largest, with a population of 93,200 inhabitants, concentrated mainly
in Belize City. The second largest district is Cayo, with a population of 73,400 inhabitants.
Belize’s capital Belmopan is located in Cayo.
7. Belize society is multi-ethnic and multilingual. Its approximately 311,500 inhabitants
They are of Creole, Garifuna, Mestizo, Spanish, Mayan, English, Mennonite, Lebanese, Chinese and Indian origin.
Oriental. The main ethnic groups are the Creoles, descendants of the first settlers
British and African slaves, who make up about 30% of the population, and
mestizos, descendants of Mexicans and Yucatecan Mayans, who constitute 40% of the population.
The Garifuna, descendants of African slaves, and the Carib and Arawak Indians constitute
another 6.6% of the population, and the Yucatecans, the Mopan and the Kekchi, three Amerindian groups, another 9%.
The Chinese, with a population of 6,000, have established separate communities, thus
like the East Indians and the Mennonites.